BIOL 102

Paper on Disease Process Instructions
The focus of this course has been the structure and function of the human body. A disease process results when there is a disorder of this structure or function.This paper will be a 900-1,200-word research-based paper in current APA format focusing on a disease process of your choice. The paper must include at least 2 scholarly references in addition to the course textbooks and materials. The disease chosen must involve at least three organ systems and the effect of the disease on these systems must be detailed in the paper. If you choose a broad disease process like cancer, you will need to specify the type, such as pancreatic cancer. The body is interrelated and the effects of a given disease will often present with common symptoms. The effect of the disease on the body’s efforts to maintain homeostasis should be addressed, as should all other given parameters.
Content and Outline
Use the following headings when writing your paper. Each point on the outline below must be a separate section (with the section heading in APA format) within your paper.
I. Introduction
· Indicate the disease to be discussed
· Indicate the organ systems affected
· Provide a brief overview of disease
II. Description
· Describe disease process
· Explain disease effect on organ systems
· Discuss effect on homeostasis and the body as a whole
III. Diagnosis
· Outline how the disease is diagnosed
· Include common symptoms
· Discuss the main causes of the disease
IV. Treatment
· Discuss treatment and management of the disease
· Outline steps for prevention of diseasae (if possible)
V. Conclusion
· Provide a summary statement for your paper.
· Do not introduce new material in your conclusion.
Length
This paper must be 900–1,200 words. Do not exceed this word limit. The title page and reference page do not count toward this word total.
Format
You must use current APA formatting. Papers must be double-spaced with 1-inch margins. Font is to be 12-point Times New Roman. Include a title page with your name, instructor’s name, course number and title (i.e., BIOL101, Human Biology), date, and paper title. There is no need to include an abstract in your paper. APA Style Central http://ezproxy.liberty.edu/login?url=http://APAStyleCENTRAL.apa.org
Sources
Your papaer must include at least 2 scholarly sources in addition the course textbooks and materials.
Acceptable sources include journal articles, manuscripts, scholarly textbooks, and/or internet sites from .edu or .gov sources. Avoid internet sites from .com, .net, .org, etc. as the information contained therein is not often peer reviewed.
Citation
Be sure to cite your sources in the body of your paper using current APA formatting. Examples of current APA formatting rules can be found here. Also, a presentation about current APA formatting is provided in Module/Week 6.
Plagiarism
Plagiarism is a serious academic infringement. Avoid it at all costs. To learn more about plagiarism and how to avoid it, visit this website. Note that you are fully responsible for any plagiarism detected by the instructor of this course. Cases of plagiarism will be dealt with according to current policies established by Liberty University Online.
Submission
Submit your work to Blackboard as a Microsoft Word document. Do not paste your paper in the submission box in Blackboard, only upload the Word document.
Submit your Disease Essay by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Monday of Module/Week 6.

Page 1 of 2
BIOL102
Paper on Disease Process Grading Rubric

Criteria Levels of Achievement Points Earned
Advanced Proficient Developing Not Present
Principle Content 45 to 50 points
· All elements listed in the instructions under the five section headings are addressed clearly and are well-supported.
· Content and purpose of the writing is clear.
· Supportive information is strong and addresses the writing focus.
35 to 44 points
· Some of the elements listed in the instructions under the five section headings are missing or incompletely addressed or not well-supported
· Content is inconsistent (lack of clear purpose and /or clarity).
· Supportive information needs strengthening or does not address writing concepts.
1 to 34 points
· Most of the elements listed in the instructions under the five section headings are missing or insufficiently addressed.
· Content has unsatisfactory purpose, focus, and clarity.
· Supportive information is missing.
0 to 0 Points
No requirements are met.
Synthesizes, evaluates and concludes information 27 to 30 points
· Writing is well-structured, clear, and easy-to-follow.
· Introduction compellingly forecasts the topic.
· Each paragraph is unified and has a clear central idea.
· Transitional wording is present throughout the writing.
· Conclusion is a logical end to the writing.
21 to 26 points
· The writing is adequately organized with some difficult areas to follow.
· The introduction needs to provide a stronger gateway into the writing.
· Some paragraphs lack unity.
· Better transitions are needed to provide fluency of ideas.
· Conclusion is trite or barely serves its purpose.
1 to 20 points
· Organization and structure detract from the writer’s message.
· The introduction and/or conclusion is incomplete or missing.
· Paragraphs are not unified (more than 1 topic/missing or inadequate controlling and concluding sentences).
· Transitions are missing.
· Conclusion, if present, fails to serve its purpose.
0 to 0 Points
No requirements are met.

Criteria Levels of Achievement Points Earned
Advanced Proficient Developing Not Present
Grammar/Current APA Syle/Word Count 31 to 35 points
· The writing reflects grammatical, punctuation, and spelling standards.
· Language is accurate, appropriate, and effective.
· Writing’s tone is appropriate and highly effective.
· Writing correctly follows formatting guidelines.
· Parenthetical and bibliographical source citations are used correctly and appropriately.
· There are two or more scholarly sources used in the paper.
· Paper falls within the 900–1,200-word parameter.
24 to 30 points
· The writing contains some grammatical, punctuation, and/or spelling errors.
· Language is unclear, awkward, or inappropriate in parts.
· The writing’s tone is generally appropriate and moderately effective.
· Writing follows most formatting guidelines, but some flaws are detected.
· Parenthetical and bibliographical source citations are incorrectly formatted or used.
· Fewer than two literature sources, in addition to the course materials, are utilized.
· Paper is between 800–900 or 1,200–1,300 words.
1 to 23 points
· The writing contains many grammatical, punctuation, and/or spelling errors.
· Language use is largely inaccurate or inappropriate.
· The writing’s tone is ineffective and/or inappropriate.
· Writing lacks many elements of correct formatting.
· Parenthetical and bibliographical source citations and/or references are not provided.
· Paper is fewer than 800 words or greater than 1,300 words.
0 to 0 Points
No requirements are met.
Total /115
Instructor’s Comments:


Page 2 of 2

BIOL 102

Paper on Disease Process Instructions
The focus of this course has been the structure and function of the human body. A disease process results when there is a disorder of this structure or function.This paper will be a 900-1,200-word research-based paper in current APA format focusing on a disease process of your choice. The paper must include at least 2 scholarly references in addition to the course textbooks and materials. The disease chosen must involve at least three organ systems and the effect of the disease on these systems must be detailed in the paper. If you choose a broad disease process like cancer, you will need to specify the type, such as pancreatic cancer. The body is interrelated and the effects of a given disease will often present with common symptoms. The effect of the disease on the body’s efforts to maintain homeostasis should be addressed, as should all other given parameters.
Content and Outline
Use the following headings when writing your paper. Each point on the outline below must be a separate section (with the section heading in APA format) within your paper.
I. Introduction
· Indicate the disease to be discussed
· Indicate the organ systems affected
· Provide a brief overview of disease
II. Description
· Describe disease process
· Explain disease effect on organ systems
· Discuss effect on homeostasis and the body as a whole
III. Diagnosis
· Outline how the disease is diagnosed
· Include common symptoms
· Discuss the main causes of the disease
IV. Treatment
· Discuss treatment and management of the disease
· Outline steps for prevention of diseasae (if possible)
V. Conclusion
· Provide a summary statement for your paper.
· Do not introduce new material in your conclusion.
Length
This paper must be 900–1,200 words. Do not exceed this word limit. The title page and reference page do not count toward this word total.
Format
You must use current APA formatting. Papers must be double-spaced with 1-inch margins. Font is to be 12-point Times New Roman. Include a title page with your name, instructor’s name, course number and title (i.e., BIOL101, Human Biology), date, and paper title. There is no need to include an abstract in your paper. APA Style Central http://ezproxy.liberty.edu/login?url=http://APAStyleCENTRAL.apa.org
Sources
Your papaer must include at least 2 scholarly sources in addition the course textbooks and materials.
Acceptable sources include journal articles, manuscripts, scholarly textbooks, and/or internet sites from .edu or .gov sources. Avoid internet sites from .com, .net, .org, etc. as the information contained therein is not often peer reviewed.
Citation
Be sure to cite your sources in the body of your paper using current APA formatting. Examples of current APA formatting rules can be found here. Also, a presentation about current APA formatting is provided in Module/Week 6.
Plagiarism
Plagiarism is a serious academic infringement. Avoid it at all costs. To learn more about plagiarism and how to avoid it, visit this website. Note that you are fully responsible for any plagiarism detected by the instructor of this course. Cases of plagiarism will be dealt with according to current policies established by Liberty University Online.
Submission
Submit your work to Blackboard as a Microsoft Word document. Do not paste your paper in the submission box in Blackboard, only upload the Word document.
Submit your Disease Essay by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Monday of Module/Week 6.

Page 1 of 2
BIOL102
Paper on Disease Process Grading Rubric

Criteria Levels of Achievement Points Earned
Advanced Proficient Developing Not Present
Principle Content 45 to 50 points
· All elements listed in the instructions under the five section headings are addressed clearly and are well-supported.
· Content and purpose of the writing is clear.
· Supportive information is strong and addresses the writing focus.
35 to 44 points
· Some of the elements listed in the instructions under the five section headings are missing or incompletely addressed or not well-supported
· Content is inconsistent (lack of clear purpose and /or clarity).
· Supportive information needs strengthening or does not address writing concepts.
1 to 34 points
· Most of the elements listed in the instructions under the five section headings are missing or insufficiently addressed.
· Content has unsatisfactory purpose, focus, and clarity.
· Supportive information is missing.
0 to 0 Points
No requirements are met.
Synthesizes, evaluates and concludes information 27 to 30 points
· Writing is well-structured, clear, and easy-to-follow.
· Introduction compellingly forecasts the topic.
· Each paragraph is unified and has a clear central idea.
· Transitional wording is present throughout the writing.
· Conclusion is a logical end to the writing.
21 to 26 points
· The writing is adequately organized with some difficult areas to follow.
· The introduction needs to provide a stronger gateway into the writing.
· Some paragraphs lack unity.
· Better transitions are needed to provide fluency of ideas.
· Conclusion is trite or barely serves its purpose.
1 to 20 points
· Organization and structure detract from the writer’s message.
· The introduction and/or conclusion is incomplete or missing.
· Paragraphs are not unified (more than 1 topic/missing or inadequate controlling and concluding sentences).
· Transitions are missing.
· Conclusion, if present, fails to serve its purpose.
0 to 0 Points
No requirements are met.

Criteria Levels of Achievement Points Earned
Advanced Proficient Developing Not Present
Grammar/Current APA Syle/Word Count 31 to 35 points
· The writing reflects grammatical, punctuation, and spelling standards.
· Language is accurate, appropriate, and effective.
· Writing’s tone is appropriate and highly effective.
· Writing correctly follows formatting guidelines.
· Parenthetical and bibliographical source citations are used correctly and appropriately.
· There are two or more scholarly sources used in the paper.
· Paper falls within the 900–1,200-word parameter.
24 to 30 points
· The writing contains some grammatical, punctuation, and/or spelling errors.
· Language is unclear, awkward, or inappropriate in parts.
· The writing’s tone is generally appropriate and moderately effective.
· Writing follows most formatting guidelines, but some flaws are detected.
· Parenthetical and bibliographical source citations are incorrectly formatted or used.
· Fewer than two literature sources, in addition to the course materials, are utilized.
· Paper is between 800–900 or 1,200–1,300 words.
1 to 23 points
· The writing contains many grammatical, punctuation, and/or spelling errors.
· Language use is largely inaccurate or inappropriate.
· The writing’s tone is ineffective and/or inappropriate.
· Writing lacks many elements of correct formatting.
· Parenthetical and bibliographical source citations and/or references are not provided.
· Paper is fewer than 800 words or greater than 1,300 words.
0 to 0 Points
No requirements are met.
Total /115
Instructor’s Comments:


Page 2 of 2