- Yvette Lunday
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Learning and Behavior
Search for the journal “Learning & Behavior” in the University of the Rockies library. Once accessed, choose an article that presents habituation within the treatment of phobias, published in the journal between February 2004 to present. Provide a summary of the article including main topic, thesis/hypothesis/research questions, research method/design, results and conclusion/discussion. Post should be at least 300 words. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ postings by Day 7.
Point Value of this Assignment: 4
- Learning and Behavior
Article Title: Individual differences in learning predict the return of fear
The researchers focused on determining the relationship between fear and people’s differences. It focuses on why people have different learning mechanisms for the considerations of fear (Gershman, & Hartley, 2015). The research focuses on the patients who have already received treatment for fear and those who have not.
The research questions aimed to address the differences between why people indicate different levels of treatment with and when faced with fear. Thus, the research question is to understand “Why do some people show a spontaneous recovery of fear following treatment, while others do not?” (Gershman, & Hartley, 2015).
The research design and methodology of the research was a randomized trial of a sample size of 106 participants. The sample was through the computational model and conveying the participants into a 2-day fear conditioning phase. The 2-day fear conditioning phase had 2 phases, which were used for recording the changes (Gershman, & Hartley, 2015). The acquisition and extinction phases. All these helped to understand the correlation between the participant’s acquisition of fear and learning to overcome fear.
Based on the results of the research, there is a different correlating experience between the variables of research and the participant’s fear learning. Based on the experiments, it was found, the participants’ response to fear is heterogeneous (Gershman, & Hartley, 2015). The different stages for treating fear based on the model implied the latent and state.
In conclusion, the treatment of fear among the patients is defined as a condition defined to help and improve the unknown foundations of fear. It is important to understand why there is a change in fear among the participants. Based on the conclusion from the tests over 83% of the participants were affected by the response to fear (Gershman, & Hartley, 2015). It was a condition based on the heterogeneity and thus, it influences learning and behavior of people with fear.
Gershman, S. J., & Hartley, C. A. (2015). Individual differences in learning predict the return of fear. Learning & Behavior, 43(3), 243-250.
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- Lisa Pennington
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- Hi Yvette,
I’m so glad you found an article in the journal! You mentioned some of the influences pertinent to learning and the fear response, and even emotions can be a catalyst or an impediment to learning. It has been estimated that 95% of our reactions are unconsciously driven by the amygdala (where we process emotion) and only modestly impacted by the executive centers of the cerebral cortex. Although ours is generally considered a rational brain, it is an emotionalbrain, where feelings receive first priority.
A student who is emotionally upset is one who cannot learn well and will not remember content information for an assessment like a test. In school, mere exposure to content information (lecture, text, etc.) is no guarantee that it will reach the personal/emotional threshold of “personal importance” to the learner, where encoding the information for permanent memory storage is deemed necessary. What students encode depends on what they are paying attention to at the time.
How did habituation factor into the study you discussed? Reply Reply to Comment